Study Material

Basic Terminology Heard in Class

  • onegaishimasu - Please teach me / Please practice with me (and when first entering dojo)
  • arigatou gozaimashita - Thank you (and when last leaving dojo)
  • hai - Yes!
  • sereitsu - Line up, according to rank, done at the beginning and end of class
  • seiza - Sit down, kneeling, usually during line up at the beginning and end of class
  • mokuso - Meditation (eyes closed, breathe through your nose, hands together with fingers overlapping and thumbs touching)
  • shomen-ni - To the front of the dojo
  • sensei-ni - To the sensei
  • sogo-ni - To each other
  • rei - Bow
  • sonkyo - Squatting position
  • kamae-te - Assume basic stance
  • osame-to - From sonkyo, returning shinai to the left hand
  • hajime - Begin
  • yame - Stop
  • kiai - A shout or yell to show spirit
  • suriashi - Sliding footwork
  • fumikomi - Lunge or step-in, "stomp"
  • sensei - Instructor/teacher
  • senpai – Senior
  • bogu - protective gear (armor)
  • gi - shirt
  • hakama - pants

Counting to 1 to 10: (during warms ups we will use a call and response counting to 8)

  1. ichi
  2. ni
  3. san
  4. shi / yon
  5. go
  6. roku
  7. shichi / nana
  8. hachi
  9. kyu
  10. ju

Counting Beyond 10

11. ju-ichi

20. ni-ju

50. go-ju

56. go-ju-roku

100. hyaku

Striking Areas in Kendo

under construction

Books about Kendo

  • Kendo the Definitive Guide
  • Kendo: Elements, Rules, and Philosophy
  • Looking at a Far Mountain: A Study of Kendo Kata